COSSACK CARTOGRAPHY – COSSACK ÉMIGRÉS – USA: Карта Кубанскаго Края 1792-1920 [Karta Kubanskago Kraja / Map of the Kuban Region].
A pair of large maps showcasing the Kuban region, as it looked in 1920, made in the United States in 1960 and 1961 by a Cossack émigré, a former Major-General Vyacheslav Naumenko, who escaped the post WWII Repatriation of Cossacks.
Author: Vyacheslav GRIGORIEVICH NAUMENKO (1882-1979).
Place and Year: Orangeburg, NY 1960 and 1961.
Technique: 2 maps reproduced in whiteprint, each 56 x 86 cm (22 x 33,5 inches). Accompanied with 4 photo-reproductions of maps: 18 x 23 cm, 25 x 33 cm, 28 x 37 cm, 29 x 45,5 cm (Very Good, soft folds with light discoloration).
Two large maps of the Kuban region in Russia in Russian language were issued in 1960 and in 1961 (corrected version) in the United States by a Cossack émigré Vyacheslav Grigorievich Naumenko (18821979) and represent the region in 1920, when it was taken over by the Red Army. The accompanying documentation are photo-reproductions of the maps and data, which Naumenko used as drafts for his map.
The pair of exceedingly detailed maps showcase the region with its cities, towns, monasteries, road and railroad connections etc, and an in-set map of Yekaterinograd, the capital of the Kuban region.
Kuban Cossacks or Kubanians are Cossacks who live in the Kuban region of Russia, in the region east of the Crimea. After the Russian Revolution the Soviet Union annexed a short-lived Kuban People's Republic, which existed for mere 21 months between 1918 and 1919. Many pro White Russia Kubanians fled the country to avoid the revenge of the Bolsheviks. During the WWII the Cossack troops joined Hitler’s army to fight against the Red Army.
After Germany’s defeat in 1945, over 2000 Cossacks were sent to a prison camp in Lienz, Austria, led by the British. Only weeks later they were handed over to the USSR, where they were tried for treason and executed. Vyacheslav Naumenko was a former Cossack Major-General. A White Russian veteran from WWI, Naumenko became during WWII one of the leaders of the Cossacks, who were collaborating with the Nazis. He managed to escape the post war slaughter of the Cossacks and moved to the US, where he became one of the leaders of the exiled Kuban Cossacks. He is buried at the Nanuet, Rockland County, New York, USA.
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