Lithograph in colour, originally dissected in two segments and mounted on card with yellow paper margins and connected in the middle with yellow linen stripe, verso mounted illustrated lithographed cover and letter-press text verso (Very Good, card slightly warped and stained) 45,5 x 47,5 cm (17.9 x 18.7 inches).
This rare geographical board game was made in the first years after WWII to educate children about new borders and the industrial and touristic development of the north part of Yugoslavia. The cover shows a girl in a Yugoslavian pioneer hat leaning over a globe and the text on the back gives instructions how to play the game. The map embraces Slovenia, Croatia, Carinthia in Austria and north-east Italy with the Free Territory of Trieste.
Following the Axis defeat in World War II, Trieste was taken over by Allied forces and, in 1947, was made the capital of a provisional state, the Free Territory of Trieste, under Western Allied supervision. This arrangement was facilitated as a temporary measure until the permanent sovereignty of the city and the surrounding region could be decided. The demographic problem was that the city of Trieste proper was overwhelmingly ethnic Italian, while the surrounding countryside was overwhelmingly Slovenian.
In 1954, after years of tense discussions, a settlement was reached by which Trieste, its immediate surroundings, and narrow strip of coast connecting it northwestwards was given to Italy; while all of the rest of the countryside was given to Yugoslavia. The Free Territory was dissolved and the sovereignty transfer was enacted, although Italy and Yugoslavia would not formally agree to the division until the Treaty of San Osimo in 1975.
This map was made between 1948 and 1954 and it clearly shows the borders of the Free Territory of Trieste. In 1948, after a Yugoslavian president Tito had a mayor fall-out with Stalin, Yugoslavia closed all the borders with the neighbouring Communist countries, but it opened more friendly relations with Austria and Italy, connecting with them in many sporting and tourist activities. This map already excludes the Communist Hungary, but connects with Trieste and Carinthia in Austria.
We could not find any other examples of the game on the market or in the institutions worldwide.