Large Folio (61.5 x 46.5 cm / 24 x 18.5 inches), Supplement to Newspaper, 6 pp., paginated as pp. 17-22 [Note: Only the Supplement is included, the complete issue of the Times newspaper for January 7, 1916 is not present] (Very Good, save for an old small dark ink stain that permeates the middle of all pages, blocking out a tiny bit of text and some details).
This is a special supplement to the venerable Times newspaper of London, printed January 7, 1916, that features the complete text of the lengthy dispatch that the former supreme Allied commander of the Gallipoli Campaign, General Sir Ian Hamilton (1853 - 1947) submitted to the War Office on December 11, 1915, just as the venture, one of the greatest military failures in modern history, was being rolled up. Here he gives an extremely detailed and, at times moving, account of how the Allies fought the Ottomans tooth and nail, inch by inch for control of the Dardanelles, the gateway to Constantinople, in a heroic, yet doomed struggle. Far from being a dry military report, the “the Story of a Splendid Failure” is hard to put down and is certainly a “must read” for anyone interested in this epic event. Additionally, the narrative is illustrated by full-page map of the battle theatre.
The Gallipoli Campaign: A Struggle that Galvanized the National Consciousness of Three Nations
In the early days of World War I, the Entente powers sought to knock the Ottoman Empire out of the conflict by taking Constantinople, by way of the Dardanelles. They mounted the Gallipoli Campaign (February 17, 1915 – January 9, 1916), during which a force of 490,000 British, Indian, Australian, New Zealander and French troops made various landings upon the Gallipoli Peninsula which strategically guarded the mouth of the Dardanelles. The 325,000 Ottoman defenders successfully repelled these raids, in what was one of the most hard-fought and bloody military contests in World history.
The Gallipoli Campaign was one of the greatest fiascos in British military history; the Ottomans successfully repelled all the Entente operations, but at the most astounding costs to both sides. The Entente side suffered over 300,00 casualties, while the Ottomans took in 250,000 casualties! The campaign was abandoned in January 1916.
The Gallipoli Campaign had an enduring legacy. While it was an epic embarrassment for the British Empire, the extreme bravery and commitment shown by the large contingent of Australian and New Zealander troops, immortalized by their fateful landing at ‘Anzac Cove’, served as a defining moment of national consciousness for both countries which resonates to the present day.
On the other side, the Gallipoli Campaign is still rightly hailed as one of the great modern achievements of the Turkish people. It made one of the heroes of the campaign, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, into a legend, allowing his to spearhead the creation of the Republic of Turkey, in 1923, out of the ashes of the Ottoman Empire. Kemal, hence known as ‘Atatürk’ served as the nation’s revolutionary founding president for 15 years.