Large Folio,  title page, introduction and index, printed on double pages, verso blank, XXXX colour lithographed plates printed on double pages, verso blank,  blank, marbled endpapers, original embossed cloth binding with red calf spine and edges, reinforced with original metal nails, gilt embossed medallion on the cover (binding with scuffed corners and old restored spine, front endpaper loose and with small loss of paper on the corners, inside in a good condition with minimal staining, some sheets with minor tears and tiny loss of white margins, otherwise in a good condition).
This gigantic atlas with maps, charts and technical plans was made the Commissions of the Danube River to showcase the regulations of the Danube Delta in Romania between 1857 and 1867, in the first decade after the Black Sea was pronounced neutral territory and the river became a vital connection between the central Europe and the Black Sea.
The atlas includes a detailed map of the Danube delta with in-set maps of the Black Sea and important potential ports, observations of the depths of various Danube canals, the depths of the canals between 1857 and 1865, comparison of the sea depth at Sulina according to the Russian measurements from 1829, contemporary surveys and projects made on different occasions between 1857 and 1964 with drawings of the triangulations and planned river closures, damps, regulated banks
Each colour lithograph map and chart is printed on two pages on a thick paper (verso blank).
The plans to regulate the delta of the Danube river in order to make a direct water route for large ships between the central Europe and the Black Sea was made by the Commissions of the Danube River, which was appointed by the Treaty of Paris in 1856 after the close of the Crimean War.
The project was directed by a famous British civil engineer Sir Charles Augustus Hartley (1825 – 1915), who was also working on the Suez Canal, Odessa Harbor and the Mississippi Delta.
In 1865, Austria, Britain, France, Italy, Prussia, Russia, and Turkey placed the Commissions of the Danube River, with its officers and establishments under the protection of international law.
This atlas, published by the Commissions of the Danube River is a representations of their achievements since the Treaty of Paris.
The atlas is very rare. We could find circa 10 institutional copies worldwide and 2 auction records with complete atlases (one of them possibly being our example).