BELGRADE: 8 telegrams with news on the Slavic uprising against the Ottomans, mostly from Montenegro and Bosnia, were sent from Dubrovnik, Kostnjica, Cetinje and Kragujevac to the newspapers in Belgrade in September 1875.
Author: Various Authors.
Place and Year: Dubrovnik (Croatia), Kostanjica (Montenegro), Cetinje (Montenegro), and Kragujevac (Serbia), September 1875. Received in Belgrade, Serbia.
Technique: 8 sheets (7 sheets 24,5 x 19 cm / 9.6 x 7.5 inches and 1 sheet 28 x 22,5 cm / 11 x 8.9 inches) with printed template and manuscript additions in black ink (very good, soft folds).
A series of 8 telegrams with reports of the battles on the Balkans was sent in September 1875 from Dubrovnik (Croatia), Kostanjica (Montenegro), Cetinje (Montenegro), and Kragujevac (Serbia) to the editors of the Istok newspaper and the State Press in Belgrade.
The telegrams in Serbian language (one of them in Cyrillic), received by the Serbian Ducal Telegraph Office (Knjaževsko srpsko telegrafsko nadležatelstvo), report on the battles in the neighbouring cities, such as Berane and Trebinje, between the Serbian, Montenegro, Bosnian and Herzegovina rebels and the Ottoman army. The rebels, in the telegrams named as Ustashi, were fighting against the harsh treatment under the beys and aghas in the Ottoman provinces. These battles were fought in the first year of the great so called Great Eastern Crisis, which was ended with the Treaty of Berlin in July 1878.
Istok was a Serbian literary and political newspaper, issued in Belgrade between 1871-1881.
The first telegraph line in Serbia was established in 1855. By 1875 Serbia already had a system of 54 post offices. One of our telegrams records the receiving time of a telegram between Dubrovnik and Belgrade, which was 3 hours and 50 minutes.
References: Stanka Kostić, Enciklopedija Jugoslavije, Beograd u JLZ Zagreb 1988