TURCICA: De Turcarum Moribus Libellus: In quo de eorum Templis, Quadragesima, Circumcisione, Sacerdotibus, Monachis, Alcorano, Scholis, Militia, Oeconomia & aliis pluribus lectu iucundis agitur
A book includes a first-hand report of Turkish customs by a Croatian author Bartolomej Đurđević, who lived 13 years as a Turkish slave after the Battle of Mohács in 1526.
Author: Bartolomej GEORGIJEVIĆ (Bartul Đurđević c. 1506 - c. 1566).
Place and Year: Helmstedt: Johann Heitmüller 1671.
Technique: 4°, 80 pp., modern hard cover bound in marbled paper, modern white end papers (Very Good, narrow upper margin, some words underlined with black ink).
The author Bartolomej (Bartul) Đurđević (c. 1506 - c. 1566) was a Croatian soldier, who was captured by Ottomans at the Battle of Mohács in 1526. After living in Turkey for 13 years, being sold as a slave for 7 times, he finally escaped through Armenia, Syria and Palestine to a Franciscan monastery in Jerusalem. He became author of numerous texts, warning people against the danger of Turkish attacks. He also wrote the first short Croatian-Latin dictionary.
This book talks about the Turkish customs and includes a short Latin-Turkish dictionary of phrases.
Đurđević’s book wes translated from Latin to other languages and re-published into the 17th century, every time there was a danger of Turkish attacks, since it was a useful first-hand source of information of Turkish customs.
The book was originally published in Rome, 1552, under Lain title Libellus vere Christiana lectione dignus diuereas.
The printer Johann Heitmüller was active in Helmstädt between 1656 and 1677, from 1677 until 1680 he was printing for on castle Bevern for duke Ferdinand Albert I. von Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Bevern, and a year later he opened the first printing press in Hameln, where he was recorded last.
References: "Đurđević, Bartolomej" in: Hrvatski obiteljski leksikon, 2005; Stjepan Krasić, "ĐURĐEVIĆ, Bartul" in: Hrvatski biografski leksikon, 1993 (http://hbl.lzmk.hr/clanak.aspx?id=4996). Kelchner, Ernst, "Heitmüller, Johann" in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 11 (1880), p. 677.